Prior to the advent of the internet and smartphones, it was hard to foresee the needs of the labor market with mobile app designers or social media experts, even content creators on youtube.
Sales of professional service robots – commonly used for non-industrial functions such as logistics, inspection and maintenance – reached 271,000 units in 2018, an increase of 61% compared to 2017, according to the International Robotics delegation.
Forrester Research Inc. predictions that automation will eliminate 10% of US jobs in 2019 but in return will increase 3% of jobs such as botmaster and UI designer.
A number of countries have begun to act to get their labor forces ready. A 2018 report by the Economic Intelligence Organization gave the highest scores to South Korea, Germany, Singapore, Japan and Canada for the upcoming wave of automation.
Of the 25 countries assessed, the United States was ranked 9th, behind only the United Kingdom. The United States is also near the middle of the top 20 countries with the most robots per worker.
The United States has 217 robots per 10,000 workers, much lower than Singapore’s 831. The robot density is 338 for Germany and 140 for China. The worldwide average is 99, according to the International Robot Federation.
History shows that worrying about machines that replace people is not necessary. AI and robots are considered the Fourth Industrial Revolution, after other major changes in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Each new wave of technology, new jobs have also appeared to balance the market. labor.
Technological progress has changed jobs in many fields, from agriculture and craft stores, to manufacturing and staff, to service and management professions. A World Economic Forum survey concluded that while 75 million jobs could be replaced, 133 million new jobs could appear, more in line with the division of labor among people, machines and algorithms.
Let’s see if technology will replace humans or create a more extraordinary generation in the future.